What is an ISA?
An ISA (Individual Savings Account) is a tax-efficient form of saving or investment. It is tax-efficient in terms of income and capital gains tax. The actual rules are beyond the scope of this quick article but check the HMRC website for more info if needed. Basically, the are tax free in terms of income and capital gains taxes in your hands.
An ISA will be included in calculating your Estate value for probate and inheritance tax purposes.
What different types of ISA are there?
There are two types of ISA:
1. Cash ISA – a savings or deposit account on which interest is paid tax-free.
2. Stocks and Shares ISA – this is a an ISA which invests (normally through the investors own choice) in mutual funds (collection of shares managed by a fund manager) or directly into individual company shares.
Self-select ISAs allow you to choose your own funds and/or shares. Seek advice from an Independent Financial Adviser (IFA) if you’re not sure where to invest.
1. Up to £10,680 in a Stocks and Shares ISA.
2. Up to £5,340 can be invested in a Cash ISA with any unused allowance being available for a Stocks and Shares ISA. E.g. if you put £2,000 into a Cash ISA you can still put £8,680 into a Stocks and Shares ISA.
Can I Transfer from one ISA provider to another?
Yes – approach the company to whom you wish to transfer to arrange this. Under no circumstances surrender the ISA in order to reinvest it. To retain its tax-efficient status, the transfer must be conducted by the plan managers – you will lose the tax-efficient benefits if you surrender an existing ISA 🙁
If I transfer an “old” ISA does this use my current years’ ISA allowance?
No – each individual has a new personal ISA allowance on 6th April each tax year, regardless of any previous ISA investment they may have made.
Can a husband and wife have their own ISA’s?
Yes, everyone aged over 18 has there own personal ISA allowance. It is currently £10,680 for the 2011/12 tax year. Joint ISAs are not allowed.
If I take out a Cash ISA and a Stocks and Shares ISA do they have to be with the same provider?
No. You can have a Cash ISA with your bank or building society AND a Stocks and Shares ISA with a separate investment house.
Is there any risk involved?
Cash ISA – generally no – if the bank or building society were to “default” then you should be covered by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS). In terms of returns, there is no volatility involved as this is purely a deposit/bank account.
Stocks and Shares ISA – these do carry risk – the level of risk will depend on the fund(s) you invest in – some funds are risker than others and many investors like to have a spread of funds from different fund management companies and in different geographical sectors (e.g. UK. Europe, Far East etc…) or asset classes (technology, gold, oil etc…)
More information on the compensation schemes can be found at FSCS – please note you cannot claim on the FSCS if your plan simply falls in value due to poor fund choice or investment market conditions!!!
If you have any comments or questions please let me know in the comments section below.
Remember though – we don’t give financial advice on this site!